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El Blog de las academias Innova English School

Famous British Inventions

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Britain is a nation of inventors, from the worlwide web to the electric vacuum cleaner. Here is a rundown of the most influential innovations:

Light bulb was invented in 1880

LIGHT BULB (invented by Joseph Swan in 1880)

Cheap and reliable electric lighting was a holy grail for 19th-century inventors. But didn’t Thomas Edison get there first? No! He was beaten by to it by Britain’s very own Joseph Swan. Swan got his patent – and started manufacturing and selling his bulbs – in 1880. The first bulbs lasted little more than 12 hours but, unlike gas lamps, there was no flame or dirty smoke and they soon caught on.

CHOCOLATE BAR (invented by JS Fry & Sons in 1847)

The first chocolate bar was created by JS Fry & Sons of Bristol in 1847. It was sold to the public as chocolate delicieux a manger – delicious to eat – because, until this point, chocolate had been exclusively consumed as a drink. Fry’s mixed cocoa powder with sugar and cocoa butter, making a product which stays solid at room temperature but melts in the mouth… yum!

WORLDWIDE WEB (invented by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989)

Not to be confused with the internet, which is a system of linked computer networks, the worldwide web was invented by British computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee. He created the first server in late 1990 and, on 6 August 1991, the web went live, with the first page explaining how to search and how to set up a site. Berners-Lee gave his invention to the world for free.

Tim Berners-Lee

SODA WATER (invented by Joseph Priestley in 1772)

18th century clergyman and scientist Priestley invented carbonated water when he suspended a bowl of water above a beer vat at a brewery near his home in Leeds. In 1772 he published a description of how to make carbonated water and just a few years later Johann Schweppe set up Schweppes and began manufacturing fizzy drinks using Priestley’s method.

TELEPHONE (invented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876)

Alexander Graham Bell patented his telephone model just hours before a rival inventor. The telephone came about thanks to a discovery that a thin metal sheet vibrating in an electromagnetic field produces an electrical waveform that corresponds to the vibration. The invention was first publically demonstrated in 1876 at the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia.

Graham Bell

Graham Bell

TELEVISION (invented by John Logie Baird by 1925)

  It’s hard to credit just one person with the invention of television, but it’s indisputable that John     Logie Baird was the first to transmit moving pictures in October 1925. But his mechanical system ultimately failed – with a rival being developed at the same time able to produce a visibly superior picture. Baird, it was said at the time, was “doomed to be the man who sows the seed but does not reap the harvest”.

 

 

TOOTHBRUSH (invented by William Addis by 1770)

William Addis was a rag trader who was sent to prison in 1770. While there, he decided that the way people were brushing their teeth (rubbing soot and salt over them with a rag), could be improved. He saved a small animal bone from a meal, made a hole and tied some bristles through it. After his release, Addis set up a business to mass-produce toothbrushes. His company, Wisdom Toothbrushes, still exists.

CEMENT (invented by Joseph Aspdin by 1824)

In 1824, Leeds bricklayer Joseph Aspdin invented and patented a method of making what he called Portland Cement – the type that’s most widely used today. The process involved burning limestone, mixing it with clay and burning it again; the burning produced a much stronger cement than just mixing limestone and clay. Aspdin called it “Portland” as he claimed the set mortar resembled the best limestone quarried from Portland in Dorset.

PHOTOGRAPHY (invented by William Henry Fox Talbot in 1835)

It’s hard to say who was the inventor of photography – the first fixed image was made by Joseph Niépce in 1826 but took eight hours to expose. In 1835, Fox Talbot (right) made another breakthrough by using silver iodide on paper and found a way to produce a translucent negative that could be used to make any number of positives by contact printing – a system used until the advent of digital cameras.

ATM (invented by John Sheperd-Barron in 1967)

John Shepherd-Barron first hit on the idea of a cash dispenser in the bath and secured a meeting with Barclays who signed up, installing the first ATM outside their Enfield branch in 1967. It gave out a maximum of £10 after customers inserted special cheques that the machine could recognise alongside a four-digit PIN number that’s still in use today.

John Sheperd-Barron invented it in 1967

ELECTRIC VACUUM CLEANER (invented by Hubert Cecil Booth in 1901)

Hubert Cecil Booth was watching a railway carriage being cleaned by a machine that blew the dust away when he had the idea for a machine that sucked the dust up instead. To test his theory, he placed a handkerchief on a chair and sucked through it, finding that dust collected on either side. He set up a cleaning service using hoses from vans on the street going through the windows of buildings. 


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Expressions with Bear, Lion and Monkey

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A BEAR OF A  (difficult, unpleasant) problem, dilemma, winter

  • He travelled and left me with a bear of a difficult problem, to pay all his bills.

A BEAR GARDEN

(a dirty and loud place)

  • It used to be a nice public square, but it became a bear garden.

A BEAR HUG

(a strong and warm hug)

  • He was so glad to see me after so many years that he gave me a bear hug.

A BEAR MARKET

(when the stock prices are on the low side)

  • He profited a lot when he bought shares at the bear market.

    AS HUNGRY AS A BEAR

    (famished, very hungry)

    • He is an athlete and always as hungry as a bear.

    LIKE A BEAR WITH A SORE HEAD

    (to be in a bad humour, grumpy)

    • Don’t go to see the boss now, he is like a bear with a sore head.

    THE LION’S SHARE

     (The best part)

    • They were five heirs, but John got the lion’s share.

    LION-HEARTED

    (to be quite courageous)

    • He is lion-hearted and volunteered to go to war.

    A LION IN THE WAY; A LION IN THE PATH

    (an imaginary danger or difficulty)

    • Mary sees a lion in the way, because she is a very pessimistic person.

      TO PUT ONE’S HEAD IN THE LION’S MOUTH

      (to expose oneself to danger in a reckless manner)

      • Hiding the thief you are putting your head in the lion’s mouth.

      TO THROW SOMEONE TO THE LIONS

       (to leave someone in a vulnerable situation)

      • John knew of the danger, but threw his friend to the lions.

      TO TWIST THE LION’S TAIL 

      (to badmouth the UK)

      • Never twist the lion’s tail if you want to be her friend.

        MONKEY-BUSINESS
        (dodgy or dishonest business)

        • He is not a reliable person, he is always involved in some monkey business.

        TO PLAY MONKEY TRICKS ON SOMEONE
        (to play pranks on someone)

        School children like to play monkey tricks on their teachers

        MONKEY NUT
        (peanut)

        • Don’t forget to buy monkey nuts for the cocktail party.

        TO GET ONE’S MONKEY UP
        (to get angry)

        • He got my monkey up with his silly behavior.

        HAVE A MONKEY ON ONE’S BACK
        (to be dependent on illicit drugs)

        • Her youngest son has a monkey on his back.

        TO MAKE A MONKEY OF SOMEONE
        (to mock someone)

        • She mimicked his gait and made a monkey of him.

        TO MONKEY AROUND
        (to be idle, to horse around, to do nothing, to loiter)

        • He is so lazy, all he does is to monkey around.

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Ways of wishing someone “Good Luck”

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For those of you who are going to face the Cambridge First Certificate or the Advanced one this coming Saturday, here are some expressions we would like to say to you:

Good luck

This expression is used for telling someone that you wish him/her success.

Break a leg

This expression is used for wishing someone good luck.

(The) best of luck

This is used for wishing someone good luck in something he/she is trying to do.

 

We wish you much success and of course all the best of luck!

Cheers.


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El japonés no da tanto miedo / Japanese is not that scary

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¡Hola a todos!
Ha pasado bastante tiempo desde la última vez que posteé algo aquí, así que aprovecharé la ocasión para hacer la primera entrada para presentaros al japonés (japonés, ¡di hola!).
Lo primero es la escritura.
Lo que la mayoría de la gente piensa es que la escritura es como la del chino, un montón de complicados dibujitos. Y parcialmente tienen razón. Esto son algunos de los kanji (que son esteticamente como los chinos porque vienen de China)
Bonitos, ¿no? Y como podéis ver no son todos tan complicados…
Lo que no todos saben es que en realidad también tienen dos preciosos silabarios, que son como nuestro alfabeto, pero con sílabas.
Uno es el hiragana, que se utiliza para escribir las palabras japonesas
hiragana (1)
Y el otro es el katakana, que se utiliza para las palabras extranjeras como aisukuriimu (ice cream) o hamubaagaa (hamburguer). Veréis que si las leéis rápido se parecen vagamente al inglés.
(Intr
Así pues, como podéis ver, uno de los grandes miedos del japonés tampoco es para tanto.
¡Que el japonés sea con vosotros!
Paz

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Professions and Suffixes: -or, -er, ist, -anic, -ie, – ess

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Professions or occupations in English may be written with distinct suffixes. There are some of them which present no suffixes at all. Let’s take a look:

‎“or”:

Actor, Orator,Administrator, Advisor, Conductor, Translator, Legislator, Sculptor, Pastor, Author, Doctor, Senator, Governor

‎“er”:

Adviser, Carpenter, Retailer, Teacher, Photographer, Gardener, Landscaper, Drummer, Lawyer, Writer, Banker, Baker, Engineer, Financier, Dancer, Choreographer, Lecturer, Butler, Stenographer, Singer, Composer‎

‎“ist”:

Typist, Florist, Horticulturist, Linguist, Manicurist, Archeologist, Artist, Pianist‎, Biologist, Chemist, Cyclist, Dentist, Journalist, Machinist, Nutritionist, Pharmacist, Therapist, Scientist, Specialist

‎“ian”:

Librarian, Theologian, Technician‎, Politician, Mortician, Magician, Electrician, Mathematician, Musician

‎“anic”:

Mechanic

“ie”:

Bookie

“-ess”:

Actress, Stewardess, Hostess, Waitress

No suffix at all:

Nurse, Guide, Attorney, Agent, Cook, Chef, Priest, Nun, Athlete ‎


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The PRESENT PERFECT

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Why is it called like this?… the term “perfect“ comes from Latin and meaning “finished, completed“ it may explain its relation between something achieved or done with something influencing the present tense, and that’s how it’s made: combining the present grammatical tense (has/have) and the perfect grammatical aspect (past participle). Here’s a visual graphic and a great video explaining its use…hoping it helps all those who suffer confusions with this tense!!

present perfect formationhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dkln8PfE1xE


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Mother’s Day is not on the same date in all countries

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Last Sunday was Mother’s Day in Spain. While all my Spanish friends were paying their respect to their wives, mothers and grandmothers, I did absolutely nothing for or with my mother. It wasn’t because I was rude or disrespectful, but because my Mother’s Day isn’t until next Sunday the 10th!

 

If you’ve got friends from outside Spain, you may see them post wishes on their twitter, Facebook or Instagram now. In fact, here is a list of countries that celebrate it on the second Sunday of every May:

 

Anguilla, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bermuda, Bonaire, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cuba, Curaçao, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Honduras, Hong Kong, Iceland, India, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Malta, Malaysia, Myanmar, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, St. Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Switzerland, Taiwan, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe.

 

Not all the countries are listed above, some celebrate it in other months of the year, if you want to find out more, you may visit Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mother%27s_Day

 

Needless to say, regardless of when Mother’s Day falls on, you should love and treasure your family everyday!

 

Here’s a beautiful poem for all the mothers in the world.

poems for mom

 

 

 

 

 


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