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Why is it called like this?… the term “perfect“ comes from Latin and meaning “finished, completed“ it may explain its relation between something achieved or done with something influencing the present tense, and that’s how it’s made: combining the present grammatical tense (has/have) and the perfect grammatical aspect (past participle). Here’s a visual graphic and a great video explaining its use…hoping it helps all those who suffer confusions with this tense!!

present perfect formation

FATHER’S DAY – AT/ON/IN Prepositions of time.


This photo from:

On March 19th it’s going to be Father’s Day in Spain (Portugal, Andorra, Belgium, Mozambique, Bolivia, Honduras, Croatia, Italy and Liechtenstein). But this date is not the same around the world!

Apparently in India and Denmark (among others) it’s celebrated in June, in Russia it’s in February, in Australia in September and so on…

Anyhow, no matter at what time of the year it’s celebrated: HAPPY FATHER’S DAY to all those dads in the planet who love their sons, daughters and families!

Here’s some history:

And here’s a graphic for the use of prepositions AT-ON-IN:


“John and I” or “John and me”?

John and ‘I’ or John and ‘me’?


Should I use ‘I’ or ‘me’? This is a question many people ask when they have to include themselves into a sentence. Well here’s a trick:

According to Oxford Dictionaries, you should use ‘I’ when the pronoun is the subject of a verb:


‘John, Mary and I are going to have a coffee.’ (NOT: John, Mary and me are going to the cinema)


But use ‘me’ when the pronoun is the object of a verb:


‘After the cinema, Mary followed John and me home.’ (NOT: Mary followed John and I home.)


In other words, generally speaking, use I when it is BEFORE a verb and me when it is AFTER a verb.


To see more sentence examples with other pronouns or try some exercises, visit

Comparatives and Superlatives: A review about smarphones

First Certificate Exams (Writing and Speaking Parts) are all about expressing your opinion. So I’ve asked my students to use comparatives and superlatives to write a review about smartphones.

After rounds of debates, here’s what our student, Adrián Fernández had chosen. He made a powerpoint too! We have converted it into images. Check it out:

If I were you or If I was you?

Which one is correct – if I were you or if I was you?

The word were in the phrase if I were you is special form. It is known as the subjunctive mood (from the grammatical point of view).

Today you also find the phrase if I was you. Here Simple Past form of be is used. But there are people who say that this phrase is incorrect and would never use it (mainly Americans). Others say that this phrase can be used.

  • If I were you I would phone him. → subjunctive mood
  • If I was you I would phone him. → Simple Past.

The following song by the group Beirut uses the second form, which would be considered incorrected by Americans. Let’s just think of poetic license. Check out the lyrics by clicking on the following link:

And now, enjoy the music video …



Ni chicha ni limoná – It’s not chicha, not lemonade – Neither/nor

Maybe you had the chance to enjoy this ad when watching TV (in case you weren’t so lucky don’t worry, youtube is your friend)
Idiom aside, the structure you should be trying to use is neither/nor instead of the literal not/not
“Neither” combines two different negative ideas and separates them using the preposition ” nor“. For example:
  • Neither Henry nor Chris want to go to the beach. (Ni Henry ni Chris quieren ir a la playa.)
  • Neither the school nor the parents want to take responsibility for the problem. (Ni la escuela ni los padres quieren asumir la responsibilidad del problema.)
Therefore, it’s neither chicha nor lemonade. However, in case you are curious about it, the correct idiom would be “It’s neither fish nor fowl (nor good red herring)”.
Have a nice day!


Differences between Many / Much

Diferencias entre “Many” y “Much”
Many” se usa con sustantivos plurales y “Much” se usa con sustantivos singulares y colectivos.
Para más información: podéis ver este vídeo de Let’s Talk Institute.
Puedes practicar lo aprendido con estos ejercicios.
Ver el infográfico completo.

Differences between “Many” & “Much”
We can use “Many” with plural nouns, and “Much” with singular and colective nouns.
For more information you could watch this Let’s Talk Institute video.
You could practice what you’ve learned with this exercises.

See full infographic.


The Relationship-Grammar Test

La prueba de gramática para parejas
– Una persona ofendida es demasiado mala en gramática para salir contigo.
– Una persona no ofendida te agradecerá que le regales bacon.

The Relationship-Grammar Test
– An offended person is too bad at grammar to date.
– A non-offended person will thank you for the gift of bacon.

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