El Blog de las academias Innova English School

Professions and Suffixes: -or, -er, ist, -anic, -ie, – ess

Professions or occupations in English may be written with distinct suffixes. There are some of them which present no suffixes at all. Let’s take a look:


Actor, Orator,Administrator, Advisor, Conductor, Translator, Legislator, Sculptor, Pastor, Author, Doctor, Senator, Governor


Adviser, Carpenter, Retailer, Teacher, Photographer, Gardener, Landscaper, Drummer, Lawyer, Writer, Banker, Baker, Engineer, Financier, Dancer, Choreographer, Lecturer, Butler, Stenographer, Singer, Composer‎


Typist, Florist, Horticulturist, Linguist, Manicurist, Archeologist, Artist, Pianist‎, Biologist, Chemist, Cyclist, Dentist, Journalist, Machinist, Nutritionist, Pharmacist, Therapist, Scientist, Specialist


Librarian, Theologian, Technician‎, Politician, Mortician, Magician, Electrician, Mathematician, Musician






Actress, Stewardess, Hostess, Waitress

No suffix at all:

Nurse, Guide, Attorney, Agent, Cook, Chef, Priest, Nun, Athlete ‎


Why is it called like this?… the term “perfect“ comes from Latin and meaning “finished, completed“ it may explain its relation between something achieved or done with something influencing the present tense, and that’s how it’s made: combining the present grammatical tense (has/have) and the perfect grammatical aspect (past participle). Here’s a visual graphic and a great video explaining its use…hoping it helps all those who suffer confusions with this tense!!

present perfect formation

“John and I” or “John and me”?

John and ‘I’ or John and ‘me’?


Should I use ‘I’ or ‘me’? This is a question many people ask when they have to include themselves into a sentence. Well here’s a trick:

According to Oxford Dictionaries, you should use ‘I’ when the pronoun is the subject of a verb:


‘John, Mary and I are going to have a coffee.’ (NOT: John, Mary and me are going to the cinema)


But use ‘me’ when the pronoun is the object of a verb:


‘After the cinema, Mary followed John and me home.’ (NOT: Mary followed John and I home.)


In other words, generally speaking, use I when it is BEFORE a verb and me when it is AFTER a verb.


To see more sentence examples with other pronouns or try some exercises, visit

Bizarre is confused

For those of you who are not so well versed in the comic world…

There is a villain known as Bizarre (since the original is in English).

Say hi, Bizarre!


However, here comes the problem. He received this extravagant name because he’s supposed to be the bizarre opposite of Superman and dictionaries agree, as we can see: markedly  unusual   in   appearance,   style,   or   general   character   and   often  involving   incongruous   or   unexpected   elements;   outrageously   or  whimsically   strange;   odd.
Even in French, Bizarre is more or less happy with his name, since he is still weird and odd (not as much as in English, though).
And then, we have Bizarro in Spanish, where he suddenly becomes brave and splendid, and consequently, confused…
Bizarro has become one of those words, like eventualmente, that ends up being mistranslated into Spanish. It’s not so weird to hear these sorts of things:
¡Qué película tan bizarra! Qué situación más bizarra!
 And of course, Bizarre gets confused…
According to the RAE bizarro has the following entry:

(De it. bizzarro, iracundo).


1. adj. valiente (‖ esforzado).

2. adj. Generoso, lucido, espléndido.

So, imagine how bizarre it is for a situation or a movie to suddenly become brave :)


Be careful. Next time you misuse it, Bizarre will come back for you! (either bravely or weirdly)

Comparative marketing on smartphones

Before we start discussing ‘battery lives’ or ‘which brand’s phones last longer’, watch this video and have a good laugh. It is a video/advertisement made by Samsung that makes fun of Apple users being glued to power sockets in the airports.



Well, in general, smartphones with low battery lives aren’t newsflash anymore. You could solve this problem in many ways too, like using a portable charger or having a spare etc. But here are some ‘cost-free’ ways (suggested by our young English student Alvaro Garcia) to make your phone last longer:
1.Use your Smartphone until it has almost no battery (0/1%)
IMPORTANT!!: Never charge it when it still has 20% or more.
2.Charge your smartphone until it reaches 100%
IMPORTANT!!: If you stop in the middle of the charge.
Don’t re-charge it again right away. Wait till it is at 0% again.
 Keep the brightness to the minimum
 Close the apps that you are not using
 Charges faster on airplane mode

Comparatives and Superlatives: A review about smarphones

First Certificate Exams (Writing and Speaking Parts) are all about expressing your opinion. So I’ve asked my students to use comparatives and superlatives to write a review about smartphones.

After rounds of debates, here’s what our student, Adrián Fernández had chosen. He made a powerpoint too! We have converted it into images. Check it out:

If I were you or If I was you?

Which one is correct – if I were you or if I was you?

The word were in the phrase if I were you is special form. It is known as the subjunctive mood (from the grammatical point of view).

Today you also find the phrase if I was you. Here Simple Past form of be is used. But there are people who say that this phrase is incorrect and would never use it (mainly Americans). Others say that this phrase can be used.

  • If I were you I would phone him. → subjunctive mood
  • If I was you I would phone him. → Simple Past.

The following song by the group Beirut uses the second form, which would be considered incorrected by Americans. Let’s just think of poetic license. Check out the lyrics by clicking on the following link:

And now, enjoy the music video …



Ni chicha ni limoná – It’s not chicha, not lemonade – Neither/nor

Maybe you had the chance to enjoy this ad when watching TV (in case you weren’t so lucky don’t worry, youtube is your friend)
Idiom aside, the structure you should be trying to use is neither/nor instead of the literal not/not
“Neither” combines two different negative ideas and separates them using the preposition ” nor“. For example:
  • Neither Henry nor Chris want to go to the beach. (Ni Henry ni Chris quieren ir a la playa.)
  • Neither the school nor the parents want to take responsibility for the problem. (Ni la escuela ni los padres quieren asumir la responsibilidad del problema.)
Therefore, it’s neither chicha nor lemonade. However, in case you are curious about it, the correct idiom would be “It’s neither fish nor fowl (nor good red herring)”.
Have a nice day!